WHAT IS A GASTRIC BYPASS?
The Gastric Bypass, also known as Gastric Bypass Surgery, is one of the procedures for weight loss as far as bariatric surgery techniques are concerned. It is recommended for patients with morbid obesity, is a restrictive and malabsorptive technique, is a procedure widely used in several countries, with very good results that lead to a better quality of life after surgery and with excellent long-term results.
The procedure restricts and decreases the absorption of food by reserving a small part of the stomach at the expense of the lesser curvature of the stomach, thus, the patient upon eating, quenches his appetite faster due to malabsorption and the restrictive factor which Adds greater efficiency to the technique.
There is a decrease in Ghrelin as well as in the Peptide Gastric Inhibitor, so the technique proceeds by hormonal effect.
Surgery can be performed in two ways: laparotomy (open surgery) or endoscopy. Regularly more endoscopy is used because it reduces the time in hospital, less complications in the incision and allows the patient to reintegrate to their daily activities in the shortest time.
Weight loss varies from patient to patient, as it depends on the discipline of the patient after surgery, it is convenient the appropriate dietary regimen and supplement it with exercises. Between 50% and 75% of the initial overweight is reflected between 6 and 12 months after the operation. After this it becomes stable, however if the patient is not disciplined you can regain weight.
In the case patients with Diabetes Mellitus 2 helps them by lowering blood glucose and insulin levels, they sometimes see it as a “cure” for diabetes mellitus for insulin dependent patients.
Before and After
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