WHAT IS THE GASTRO ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX?
Gastro esophageal Reflux, also known as GERD, is the passage from the gastric contents of the stomach into the esophagus. This is not considered pathological; if gastro esophageal reflux occurs on sporadic occasions of time, the time of contact of the gastric acid with the esophageal mucosa is brief and if the resistance of the esophagus is conserved to aggressive factors.
When there is an imbalance in the attacking elements and defense elements of the esophageal mucosa, it is that the GERD occurs.
The causes that benefit the development of the disease are many:
GERD is one of the most frequent problems, up to 15% of the patients suffer reflux once a week and approximately 7% suffer daily.
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In children is present with excessive regurgitation and respiratory symptoms, there may also be growth retardation, sporadic torticollis and anemia.
Regularly a diagnosis is made according to the symptoms that the patient describes to his doctor, if the clinical history is the traditional one that leads to this disease, then the treatment is indicated directly to him without more need of studies.
However, when the case is not as clear, tests such as PH measurement in the esophagus or PHmetria are performed. This test consists of evaluating the acid in the esophagus and measuring the amount of reflux.
The other study to indicate may be an endoscopy and thus evaluate the degree of gastroesophageal reflux to see if there have been repercussions in the esophageal mucosa.
Esophagitis is one of the complications that can get to suffer there are two types of esophagitis:
The purpose of treatment is to relieve the patient’s symptoms, to cure esophagitis and to avoid gastro esophageal reflux. Treatment can range from changes in lifestyle, medications and surgery if necessary.
Each case of each patient is particular, so you have to visit the doctor and describe your case so that the doctor can help you in the best possible way for you.