Also known as gallstones, they are similar to rock crystals or stones and develop in the gallbladder, it can reach a size of a golf ball or be the size of a granite of sand.
The calculations are classified into two:
Cholesterol Calculations: These are the most common and unrelated cholesterol levels.
Bilirubin calculations: They form when red blood cells are destroyed, which leads to an abundance of bilirubin. These are known as pigmentaries.
Stones in the gallbladder can be hereditary, although they are commonly suffered by women, Native Americans, Hispanics, and people over the age of 40.
Factors that can promote the formation of gallstones:
If the person has received bone marrow transplants or solid organs.
Deficiency to empty bile properly (occurs frequently during pregnancy).
Liver cirrhosis if you have had pigment stones and infection of the bile ducts.
Low weight on a low calorie diet or after bariatric surgery.
Prolonged intravenous feeding.
Most people do not find out they have gallstones; this is usually discovered by routine radiography, abdominal surgery, or some other medical intervention.
When a stone blocks a cystic pathway, colic pain occurs in the upper part of the stomach on the right side, this pain disappears if the stone manages to move to the first part of the small intestine.
Common symptoms are:
Pain in the right side of the abdomen: In the upper or middle part, it may be constant, sharp or cramp and may extend to the back.
Yellow color of the skin and the white of the eyes.
To diagnose gallstones, you need to order some of the following studies: Abdominal ultrasound or abdominal ultrasound, abdominal computed tomography, endoscopic ultrasound, etc. Laboratory tests such as liver function tests, pancreatic enzymes, and bilirubin may also be ordered.
Surgery is regularly performed only until symptoms appear in the patient, once the patient has symptoms the surgery should be immediate or wait only a short time to perform.
In the past, it was an open surgery. Currently, the procedure is a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in which only small incisions are made and this allows a quick recovery in the patient and a short stay in the hospital.
The chance of gallstones returning after surgery is very low. Almost all patients do not have symptoms again.
If you have one or more of the symptoms listed above, consult your doctor to tell you how to proceed with your case.