Hemorrhoids are veins that hurt when they are inflamed and are located in the lower part of the rectum or anus.
Hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy and after childbirth, these are the result of pressure in the anus, this pressure causes the veins to swell and duel specifically if you are sitting.
• Constipation • Effort to evacuate • To sit for a long period of time • Infections in the anus • Some diseases, like liver cirrhosis.
Hemorrhoids are located inside or outside the anus. There are internal and external hemorrhoids.
Internal hemorrhoids are found inside the anus, where the rectum begins.
External hemorrhoids, present in the anus and may be suspended outside the anus.
• Anal itching • Pain when sitting • Bright red blood in the stool, in the toilet or on the toilet paper. • Pain on bowel movement • One or more hard and tender lumps near the anus
The diagnosis is usually made by examining the area of the rectum. If necessary, some other studies such as anascopy, fecal occult blood test, or sigmoidoscopy will be ordered. Treatment consists of:
• Corticosteroid creams are over-the-counter and serve to decrease swelling and pain. • Creams with lidocaine to reduce pain. • To reduce stress and constipation, the stool softener • Cotton underwear must be worn • Do not use toilet paper with colors or perfumes, it is better to use baby wipes. • Try not to rub or scratch the area.
If the treatment does not help to relieve the symptoms, you can perform a heat treatment, which is known as infrared coagulation which is to shrink the hemorrhoids. This may prevent a surgical procedure.
If, however, there is no relief in hemorrhoids, the patient will have to undergo surgery, surgery is indicated in patients with severe pain and bleeding and who have not responded positively to the treatment.
See your doctor as soon as possible if you have one or more symptoms of hemorrhoids, it will help relieve those symptoms so annoying.