The Gastric Sleeve procedure is a restrictive surgery, performed by means of laparoscopic surgery or minimally invasive surgery, it is known as restrictive because the size of the stomach is reduced by approximately 70% to 80%, this way the stomach will no longer have the same capacity, obesity patients need to fill their stomach. Patients with obesity need to fill their stomach to receive the signal that allows them to realize that they have already eaten enough.
Gastric Sleeve works apart from the restrictive mechanism, by changes in ghrelin which is a hormone that regulates appetite.
By removing 70% of the stomach, the appetite decreases and the patient will feel full with less food, which makes it possible for the patient to take an appropriate nutritional regimen, seeing as weight loss between the next 12 to 18 months.
The advantages are:
It is performed by laparoscopy or minimal invasion.
It does not alter the function of the stomach.
It is recommended for both BMI patients over 35 and patients with BMI between 30 and 35.
The patient eats little.
There are no rare bodies like in the Gastric Band.
No disconnection or intestine connection.
It’s a simpler surgery than the Gastric Bypass or the Duodenal Switch.
It reduces the size of the stomach, however, it can consume almost any type of food in small amounts.
It eliminates the gherlin hormone, which stimulates the appetite.
Symptoms of rapid emptying only occur in the first few weeks, but this has a solution because it protects the pylorus.
There is minimal possibility of ulcer.
Prevents obstruction of the intestines, prevents intestinal bridge, osteoporosis, anemia, lack of protein and lack of vitamins.
It is used as a first step in patients with Super-Morbid Obesity, who require a Gastro-jejunal Bypass or Bilio-Pancreatic Derivation at Duodenal Interruption.
The recovery is fast because it is only 2 or 3 days of hospitalization and the return to normal duties are after 5 or 10 days.
The Gastric Sleeve is an irreversible surgery, since it is a young surgery, it has not seen results in the long term, however, it has excellent results in the short and medium term, is safe and has results similar to those of the Gastric Bypass, it is recommended in Some cases to patients with diabetes since once the surgery is done, they stop taking medication.
As with any surgery to which you are willing to undergo it is advisable to consult with an expert in this case the Bariatric Surgeon so that you can make the best decision for your life.